What was done?:
The regional Drug and Therapeutics Committee (DTC) commissioned the Hospital Pharmacy, Central Denmark Region to take over management of electronic standard prescriptions (ESP) in the shared Electronic Prescribing System (EPS). The pharmacy was also commissioned to lead the unification of local to regional ESPs, in collaboration with clinical specialists. ESPs are electronic ‘packages’ of one or more prescriptions, set up for treatment of defined conditions/procedures e.g. knee-replacement. When the clinician prescribes an ESP, the predefined prescriptions appear automatically in the patient's medicines list.
Why was it done?:
The primary aim was to increase patient safety by quality-assuring ESPs and guiding clinicians to rational and safe prescribing. The Central Denmark Region (1.3 million citizens) has five hospitals, each with their own hospital and ward management. ESPs were previously set up and maintained locally, often by clinicians at ward level, resulting in several thousand, and a huge variety of ESPs for the same indication/treatment. Often only small differences separated these, but larger differences were also observed. Both patients and clinicians move around hospitals within the region. Varying ESPs from hospital to hospital confused clinicians and compromised patient safety.
How was it done?:
The Hospital Pharmacy highlighted clinical areas/treatments with several variations of the same ESP. The DTC appointed relevant clinicians to work with a pharmacist on unifying these, to one (or more) standardised ESPs, to be used in the whole region. The pharmacist was coordinator for the ad-hoc working groups. After approval by the DTC, these ESPs replaced the existing. If a department wanted an ESP that differed from the regional ESP, this had to be approved by the DTC.
What has been achieved?:
Regional ESPs have been approved for: • Abortion (reduced from 17 to six). • Helicobacter pylori eradication (reduced from 28 to two). • Treatment of paracetamol-overdosage. Many new ESPs have been approved, promoting: • Safe prescribing of complicated regimes e.g. fosphenytoin loading/maintenance. • Use of regional formulary drugs e.g. antibiotics for pneumonia/urosepsis.
We continue to work on other regimes that can be unified e.g. treatment of Wernickes prophylaxis/syndrome and parenteral nutrition. We recently met with pharmacists from two other regions that use the same EPS as us – maybe we can share ESPs nationwide in future.
- Drug prescribing and dosing›Computer assisted prescribing (cpoe)
- IT›Electronic prescribing system
- Patient safety›Error-avoiding strategies
Conflict of interest:
I have no potential conflict of interest to disclose
- Healthcare Professionals - Doctors
- Healthcare Professionals - Nurses
- Others Healthcare Professionals
- Hospital Managers
- Hospital Pharmacists
HOSPITAL PHARMACY UNIFIES ELECTRONIC STANDARD PRESCRIPTION THROUGHOUT THE REGION