What was done?:
An algorithm, to identify patients who would benefit most from a medication review, was developed using data from the Electronic Prescribing System (EPS). The system could produce a list of patients daily considered relevant for medication review.
Why was it done?:
In the Regional Hospital in Horsens, Central Denmark Region (covering 217,000 citizens) medication reviews by clinical pharmacists were performed on a few wards. Patients were selected to receive medication reviews on the basis of pre-defined criteria. The criteria were not evidence-based and were individual for each ward and pharmacist. This screening was time-consuming, as we screened every patient in the EPS to find relevant patients for medication review. Assuming that patients at high risk of medication errors will benefit most from medication reviews, we wanted to identify, using an evidence-based algorithm, these patients automatically across all wards at the hospital, thereby reducing resources during screening and allowing more time on the relevant patients.
How was it done?:
MEdication RIsk Score (MERIS), a validated algorithm to identify patients in high risk of medication errors, was implemented using data from the EPS. Each hospitalised patient's risk score was automatically calculated, and a list with risk scores was generated. Patients with highest risk were selected to receive a medication review by a clinical pharmacist. We validated the algorithm on two wards. The variables used in MERIS are reduced renal function, the total number of drugs and the risk of individual drugs to cause harm and interactions.
What has been achieved?:
Instead of individual and time-consuming screening, electronic uniform screening has been implemented in our clinical pharmacy service. Our limited time is now used carrying out medication review on patients with the highest risk of medication errors instead of patients with less benefit.
The electronic version of MERIS is now used on two wards at our hospital. The next step is to include more wards so all patients with high-risk factors will receive a medication review from a clinical pharmacist. Furthermore, clinical pharmacists in other hospitals in the Central Denmark Region will also implement the electronic algorithm.
- Clinical pharmacy›Medication review
Conflict of interest:
I have no potential conflict of interest to disclose
- Hospital Pharmacy profession
- Healthcare Professionals - Doctors
- Healthcare Professionals - Nurses
- Others Healthcare Professionals
- Hospital Managers
- Hospital Pharmacists
USING AN ELECTRONIC ALGORITHM TO IDENTIFY THE MOST RELEVANT PATIENTS FOR MEDICATION REVIEW